Saturday, December 10, 2011

Signs and Posters, a photo essay

Co-ops tend to have eclectic interior design due to the varying tastes of the residents, though one thing that is unique to this type of residential environment is the large amount of signs.  The following signs are from Lothlorien Co-op, a student co-op with 57 residents and 20+ boarders (people who live elsewhere, but eat their meals at the co-op). 

As the number of residents goes up, the amount of signs increases as more and more communication and self-expression relies on passive mass media. 
3-6 people: a few signs on the fridge
7-12 people: signs around the kitchen and in hallways
13-25 people: the above, plus signs in bathrooms and on bulletin boards
25-80 people: signs throughout common spaces
81+ people: signs everywhere, walls covered in writing and artwork

Let's start with the front door.  When most residents don't have cars, where does one express themselves with witty political slogans?  On the front door!

The kitchen door which is the one most residents use to enter the building, has a more utilitarian function.  It is used to advertise events. 

In contrast, a bulletin board made specifically for advertising events, located in the dining room (a less heavily trafficked area) is barely used. 

There's a bulletin board for official announcements

 There's a board specifically for workshift (Chore assignment)

 Refrigerators are prime sign real estate.  These signs talk about how to reduce waste and where to find recycling bins. 

 This refrigerator, being one of the most heavily used, has a lot of interactive signage, including sign-up sheets for house elections.

Multiple levels of information on the inside of the front door in the foyer: a calendar, photos, an event flyer, and energy use data.  The poster in the back is of a nebula.  There is also an object-specific sign here reminding people not to prop the door. 
 More object-specific signage on a pantry window.

 Recycling signs.  With over 12 different categories of recycling ranging from plastics to electronics to hazardous materials, recycling signs are one of the most common.  One reason is that they are often used by visitors to the house, who can't be reached via house email lists. 

When one's room door is one's front door, posters and other decorations sprout on and around the door

Signs are also used as general purpose decoration.

The bathroom is full of signs, as it's a natural place for people to read things.

Sound like information overload?  Not necessarily.  Since the co-op buys food in bulk, there is one place where signs are minimal - the pantry.  Contrast the view below to that of a typical household pantry with its rows of brightly branded food products. 

Sunday, November 13, 2011

Merced: From housing bust comes grassroots co-ops!

Article in the Sunday, 11/12 New York Times talks about how empty houses in the Central Valley city of Merced, California have become popular as ad-hoc student co-ops. 

The types of houses being shared are of the McMansion type - suburban houses with 4-5 bedrooms.  Rent is around $1,000 a month, or $200 a person.  The oversupply of housing and high unemployment in the area has led to these unusually low rates - in contrast, a shared house in Berkeley, which has more jobs than housing, costs about $600-700 a room.  As the houses are all new, maintenance costs are minimal as well and amenities are very nice.  Parking is a bit of an issue as these suburban houses are not within walking distance from campus and Merced is a car-centered city, but with a typical 5 bedroom house, the multi-car garage, driveway, and curb in front of the house is more than enough space to accommodate 5 vehicles. 

Strange thing is that UC run dorms cost roughly the same in Merced and Berkeley - roughly $1300 a month per person.  Could Merced be the start of a new co-op movement?  I'm already writing to NASCO, the nationwide association of co-ops, on feasibility of organizing something. 

Tuesday, November 8, 2011

Domes Community Build

I arrived at the Domes Community Build Friday night just as twilight set in. A few of the Domes were lit from the interior; the drone of hand-held drills found its way out into the cold air. The central open space was occupied by several drummers. Inside the yurt, boxes of fresh Asian pears and apples accompanied the remaining scraps from the communal dinner.

When I returned the following day, I received a nametag, a warm breakfast, and a garden assignment. We excavated the thicket of bermuda grass entangling some sage, comfrey, and a patch of lamb’s ear. Turning the soil, we uncovered some river bed rocks to place around the bed. My companion, Stepan from the Czech Republic, overheard the woman in the patch next to ours speaking Czech and struck up conversation. A few patches over, a young woman told her fellow gardener about her positive experience in the new Davis co-op, Cornucopia. A woman named Leslie answered our questions and ran around adding water to the soil to soften it and choreographing the labor. A tractor showed up around lunchtime and turned out the weeds at ten times the pace of the rest of us.

After lunch we held a meeting and divided up into different labor forces. There were upwards of ten skilled carpenters. I joined a crew of landscapers. We hacked away at a thicket of bamboo that sheltered the outermost dome from the eyes of passer-bys. This dome was now the office with an ADA accessible ramp drying in the sunshine. Soon, I made my way over to the sanding station and spent the rest of the day-lit hours smoothing over the faces of two-by-fours for the loft railings. After sunset, I threw a few shovelfuls of dirt on a path to smooth it out in preparation for a layer of concrete.

photo courtesy of Paul Kitagak, Sacramento Bee

When the Mad Cow String Band played in the yurt, the big group of us took turns eating and dancing. A few local musicians played next, followed by a reggae band from Santa Cruz.

The next day followed the same pattern. Photographers and reporters made their way around. A cleaning crew was formed and a mosaic was carefully arranged. I was continually impressed by the organization and the productivity. The garden was hardly recognizable when I went to spread wood chips on the path. There was probably 100 volunteers working through the middle of the day and when it started to sprinkle, the tools were gathered under a tarp and shelters were propped. Most of the volunteers were past residents or residents of other Davis co-ops. Seventeen Berkeley co-opers joined the Domes Community Build—the largest out-of-town contingent.

Some “ex-domies” (past residents of the Domes) silk screened shirts to read “We Saved the Domes,” and crossed their fingers that it would indeed be true. According to an article in Davis Voice, the UC Davis student housing department is considering making an agreement to allow the Domes to remain for five years under third-party management. See the following articles for more on this story:

McCollough, Laura. The Saving of the Domes at Baggins End. Davis Voice. 2 November 2011.

Sangree, Hudson. UC Davis dome housing gets reprieve, rehabilitation. The Sacramento Bee. 8 November 2011.

Tuesday, November 1, 2011

Bonewall, Berkeley

When I visited Bonewall on a weekday morning, a man with a cart of plastic garbage bags was pulling cans out of the recycling. Inside, Peter and a few housemates were taking inventory of the food supply. The house was quiet, sunny, and relaxed. I had visited the house once before in the spring when a band of student co-opers was playing in the living room and the place was brimming with commotion. Both times I found myself on a kitchen stool that is central, but not in the way of circulation. A box next to the trash was filled with Cliff bar wrappers, the neighborhood cat wandered around the backyard, and a co-oper offered some teriyaki-basil-hummus.


The nine original residents all previously lived on the northside of the UC Berkeley campus in the Berkeley Student Co-ops: Six from Kingman and three from Cloyne. In the fall of 2010, they decided to move into a house on the Southside of campus and start a small-scale co-op. The house is around 100 years old.


  • 6 bedrooms (5 girls and 4 boys; 2 rooms are co-ed)
  • 4 bathrooms (3 would be enough for their needs)
  • Shared living room, dining room, kitchen, food (8 of 9 residents), porch, tools/various amenities (projector, shamp./cond., toothpaste, cleaning supplies, sewing machine)
  • 150+ sqft storage space
  • 3 entrances: 1 front, 1 to in-law suite, backyard entrance secondary
  • Favorite places for conversation: kitchen counter by stovetop, main (living) room, dinner table
  • Challenges: cost, basement very cold, rats and banana slugs in basement


Bonewall is located a few blocks away from an access point to the “firetrail” that brings hikers and runners up through the Berkeley hills. The neighborhood is a mix of students and families. The Bonewall residents co-exist peaceably with the neighbors despite the fact that they are in a significantly different stage of life. The Clark Kerr dorm is a few blocks northwest and the Claremont hotel is a few blocks south. Claremont street south of Bonewall has a fairly constant flow of traffic.

Outdoor space:

The back courtyard space is very shady and therefore not put to much use. For a period of time, a woman they met through craigslist lived in a tent in the backyard. There is a small stage and a barbeque. Uphill from the back courtyard, the terrain becomes very steep. It is overgrown and filled with spider webs, but has been a space used for meditation. The sunny porch on the south-side of the house has become the primary outdoor space (see photo). They go up on the roof a couple times a month.

Ground floor:

The main common space on the ground floor is a large living room (see below) with three sets of French doors that open onto a 5-ft porch. Opposite the doors is a fireplace. A guest bed and a variety of couches occupy the space. A movie projector faces a whitewall. There is a sense that this space was designed to be the showcase room of the house. Adjacent to the main room is the library (Peter suggested it doesn’t get much use) and adjacent to the library is the dining room. Every other Sunday the house members meet in the dining room or in the main common room on pillows. They also have a tradition called “Waffle Wednesdays” where the house and friends of the house gather for a meal. There is visual access between the dining area, the stovetop area of the kitchen, and the French doors to the back courtyard.

Second floor:

The staircase to the second floor is across from the front door allowing access from the front door to personal bedrooms without passing through the kitchen or the main common space. There are four bedrooms upstairs. The southeast bedroom (BR 5) with a personal bathroom is a co-ed double. Two of the singles are occupied by friends that grew up in the same house. There is also extra storage space upstairs. Peter said there is a ridiculous amount of storage space in the house and they offer it to friends sometimes.

Basement/in-law suite:

The basement is designed to be an in-law suite with a kitchenette, a mini-shower, a separate entrance, and an independent heating system. At first they could see their breath and they put on 2 layers of sweats. They still don’t use the heat very much, especially during the day. They rarely use the kitchen facilities, bathroom, or separate entrance. They use the extra space for storage primarily. Past residents experienced break-ins to the basement.

Shared amenities:

  • food and 22.4 cubic-ft refrigerator (the member of the house who did not live in the Berkeley Student co-ops doesn’t share food and uses a separate smaller refrigerator)
  • tools
  • projector
  • shampoo/conditioner/toothpaste
  • cleaning supplies
  • sewing machine
  • extra bikes left behind by friends

Gender ratio and pets:

Peter mentioned that there are currently 5 girls and 4 boys living at Bonewall, a gender ratio that they take with some seriousness. There is also a dog that is under the care of one of the housemates. They had a dog under collective care at one point but now think it is better if one person is the primary caretaker for a house pet.


  • 13 bikes (include those left behind by friends)
  • 1 motorcycle
  • 1 vespa
  • 2 cars + 1 work truck
  • 1 truck shared by two housemates (parked by Cloyne on the northside of UCB to reduce usage)
  • The cars are primarily used to drive to work, pick up groceries and furniture, and go on trips.


Peter said he would change the layout of the basement if possible: the lack of air circulation and light and the constant population of rats makes this space less habitable than the upstairs bedrooms. The kitchenette and bathroom are unnecessary because the residents prefer to use the common facilities.

The common spaces in the house appear to work well for this co-op. The use of the porch is encouraged by both its orientation and its adjacency to the main common space. The kitchen stools next the stovetop offer a comfortable central location where friends and housemates can interact with people while they spend time in the kitchen (see below).

It was especially interesting that the woman who “tented” in the backyard didn’t become close with the rest of the house. Although Peter and his housemates attributed the lack of connection to personality differences, the fact that she occupied a separate structure of a lower level of comfort is significant.